Thursday, November 11, 2010
From DZTime & GISLounge
Political uproar over depicted boundaries on map servers isn’t just a Google Maps issue.
Vietnam on Friday asked China to remove a “U-shaped” line showing its claims to over 80 percent of the East Sea from its map on a newly launched online mapping service.
The China’s State Bureau of Surveying and Mapping has critically violated Vietnam’s sovereignty over the Hoang Sa (Paracel) and Truong Sa (Spratly) archipelagoes by presenting the map with the nine-dotted line on the two websites www.tianditu.cn and www.chinaonmap.cn, said spokeswoman Nguyen Phuong Nga of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
Source: Press release from the Vietnamese Ministry of Foreign Affairs
The statement from the Vietnamese government expressed their objection to the presence of “the nine-dotted line” on the map service.
The nine-dotted line first appeared on Chinese maps in 1947 and “encloses the main island features of the South China Sea: the Pratas Islands, the Paracel Islands, the Macclesfield Bank, and the Spratly Islands.
The dotted line also captures James Shoal which is as far south as 4 degrees north latitude.” The journal article, ”The Dotted Line on the Chinese Map of the South China Sea: A Note” quoted Professor Zhao Lihai of the Law Department of Beijing University
It has also violated Vietnam’s sovereignty rights and jurisdiction in its Exclusive Economic Zone (EZZ) of 200 nautical miles, she added.
Under the United Nations Convention on Law of the Sea an island can generate its own EZZ of 200 nautical miles. A state has the right to use resources in the EEZ and regulate the behavior of other states in that area.
According to NGA, the act also violates the declaration on the Conduct of Parties in the South China Sea (DOC), which China and ASEAN member states signed in 2002.
Vietnam objects to this act and demands that China promptly removes violating data from the websites, she stressed.
China needs to follow the shared awareness of the two countries’ high-ranking leaders about maintaining peace and stability; and not complicate or extend disputes in the East Sea, the spokeswoman said.
According to Bloomberg, China’s new state-sponsored online map service, launched last month, aimed to offer the most comprehensive geographic data on the country.