2016 was the hottest year on record, continuing a decades-long warming trend.
Scientists at NASA’s Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS) analyzed measurements from 6,300 locations and found that Earth’s average surface temperature has risen about 2.0 degrees Fahrenheit (1.1 degrees Celsius) since the late-19th century, largely a result of human emissions into the atmosphere.
Earth’s 2016 surface temperatures were the warmest since modern recordkeeping began in 1880, according to independent analyses by NASA and the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).Globally-averaged temperatures in 2016 were 1.78 degrees Fahrenheit (0.99 degrees Celsius) warmer than the mid-20th century mean.
This makes 2016 the third year in a row to set a new record for global average surface temperatures.
Scientists declare that 2016 was the hottest than year on record since records began.
other image from NOAA
other image from NOAA
Because weather station locations and measurement practices change over time, there are uncertainties in the interpretation of specific year-to-year global mean temperature differences.
Global temperature anomalies for 2016
image : NASA/NOAA (other image from BerkeleyEarth.org)
“2016 is remarkably the third record year in a row in this series,” said GISS Director Gavin Schmidt. “We don’t expect record years every year, but the ongoing long-term warming trend is clear.”
The planet’s average surface temperature has risen about 2.0 degrees Fahrenheit (1.1 degrees Celsius) since the late 19th century, a change driven largely by increased carbon dioxide and other human-made emissions into the atmosphere.
Most of the warming occurred in the past 35 years, with 16 of the 17 warmest years on record occurring since 2001.
Not only was 2016 the warmest year on record, but eight of the 12 months that make up the year – from January through September, with the exception of June – were the warmest on record for those respective months.
October, November, and December of 2016 were the second warmest of those months on record – in all three cases, behind records set in 2015.
Phenomena such as El Niño or La Niña, which warm or cool the upper tropical Pacific Ocean and cause corresponding variations in global wind and weather patterns, contribute to short-term variations in global average temperature.
A warming El Niño event was in effect for most of 2015 and the first third of 2016.
Researchers estimate the direct impact of the natural El Niño warming in the tropical Pacific increased the annual global temperature anomaly for 2016 by 0.2 degrees Fahrenheit (0.12 degrees Celsius).
- Washington Post : US scientists officially declare 2016 the hottest year on record. That makes three in a row / Scientists react to Earth’s warmest year: ‘We are heading into a new unknown’
- New York Times : Earth Sets a Temperature Record for the Third Straight Year
- NPR : 2016 Was The Hottest Year Yet, Scientists Declare
- Gizmode : 2016's New Temperature Record Proves Climate Change Is Moving Disturbingly Fast
- The Guardian : 2016 hottest year ever recorded – and scientists say human activity to blame
- Forbes : 3 Reasons Scientists Are Confident 2016 Was The Warmest Year On Record
- The Conversation : How can we predict the hottest year on record when weather forecasts are so uncertain?
- WMO : WMO confirms 2016 as hottest year on record, about 1.1°C above pre-industrial era